Banh Chung (Sticky rice cake) - The soul of Vietnamese traditional New Year

Chung cake is a traditional cake of the Vietnamese people to express the gratitude of the descendants to their ancestors and the land. Chung cake is an indispensable cake in the traditional Tet holiday of Vietnamese people.

  1. What is banh Chung, and why is it indispensable in traditional Vietnamese Tet?
  2. Origin of banh Chung
  3. The meaning of banh Chung on Tet holiday

What is banh Chung, and why is it indispensable in traditional Vietnamese Tet? 

Chung cake is a traditional cake of the Vietnamese people to express the gratitude of the descendants to their ancestors and the land. Chung cake is an indispensable cake in the traditional Tet holiday of Vietnamese people. 

Origin of banh Chung 

The origin of banh Chung is told through a legend from generation to generation. 

Since King Hung wanted to pass the throne to his children, he had not chosen a worthy prince. Therefore, on the occasion of the New Year, King Hung wanted to receive gifts from the princes, the gift that made the king the most satisfied, the owner of that gift would be crowned. 

The princes competed to give the mountain and sea taste to their father. Only the 18th prince named Lang Lieu, whose mother died at a young age, did not know what to give to his father. One night, Lang Lieu dreamed that a god of leopard dreams used rice grains - pearls of heaven and earth to make banh Chung and banh Day pay his respects. According to the words, Lang Lieu made banh Chung, and indeed this special gift of Lang Lieu made his father satisfied and immediately passed the throne to him.

The meaning of banh Chung on Tet holiday 

What is banh Chung? The meaning of banh Chung on traditional New Year's Day is not known to everyone. 

The square-shaped banh Chung represents the square earth, and the round-shaped banh Day represents the sun. Our ethnic Vietnamese is a wet rice culture that depends on natural factors a lot. That's why Tet cakes have appeared on the altar for a long time, to express gratitude to heaven and earth for favorable rain and wind harmony so that bumper crops bring a prosperous life for people. 

Besides, making banh Chung for Tet also shows filial piety to their parents. That's why the custom of using banh Chung as a gift to parents is also from here. Along with banh Chung and banh Day, on New Year's Day, a tray of five fruits is displayed to represent the five elements that are similar to each other. 

  • What is banh chung in English?
  • What is the difference between banh tet and banh chung?
  • Why is it called banh chung?

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